The Hyperbaric Medicine History
Oxygen is a vital element for human life. Every cell in the body needs it to comply with the metabolic processes that support the human body.
Many years ago, while oxygen was subject of several studies, the principle of HYPERBARIC OXIGENATION was developed, based on the Henry's law: "The amount of a given gas that dissolves in a given type and volume of liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas in equilibrium with that liquid." Back in 1662, Henshaw, a British doctor, affirmed that a significant increase in the air pressure could heal some serious injuries and improve some chronic conditions.
Two other Europen doctors, Junod in 1834 and Pravaz in 1837, set a landmark in the history of hyperbaric therapy with the creation of compressed air baths, which were a massive success in the whole Europe.
The first Hyperbaric Chamber was built in Canada, in 1860. A year after that, it was used in USA as a treatment for nervous system disorders.
By the middle of the last century, research studies on oxygen in the aviation and marine diving fields were strongly promoted, especially by the NASA.
These investigations reached the scientific community, oxygen applications increased and started being used in other specialties like modern medicine all over the world.
At present, with the help of new technologies and materials, hyperbaric treatments with low pressure equipment (1.30 ATA or higher) are being provided, protecting the patient from potential risks and promoting the increase of the level of oxygen in the patient´s tissues.